An Introduction to the “Xeno” Games

What exactly are the “Xeno” games? They’re a series of sci-fi Japanese role-playing games conceptualized between the creative efforts of power couple Tetsuya Takahashi and Soraya Saga, known for often incorporating physiological and religious themes and containing many references to popular fiction and philosophy. The games are popularly recognized for having giant robots in their setting and/or having a thematic focus on the use and misuse of technology. The “Xeno” prefix (“strange”; foreign”) has been described as a means to symbolically represent and connect the series.

The following is a spoiler-free introduction to all the main games, their histories, and some of the people involved. I’ve omitted side-stories, remakes, and other complementary titles.

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Yasunori Mitsuda – My Favorite Japanese Composer


*1. I claim no expertise on Yasunori Mitsuda’s life story or anything of the sort. I am simply just a fan of his music.

*2. I have some knowledge of music theory and have been trained in instrumental conducting, and I was once proficient in musical performance–but that is all a story from long ago and I have since forgotten much. While I do have some musical background, my intention is not to make this an article strictly analyzing Mitsuda’s music from that perspective.

It’s no secret that Yasunori Mitsuda is my favorite Japanese composer and has been for a very long time. Like many, I was introduced to his music through Chrono Trigger and since then his soundtracks have continued to resonate with me on a personal level. What I like about Mitsuda:

  • he’s known for being inspired by Celtic, Asian, Middle Eastern, African, and sub-continental music and sounds, and as a result his music is often very diverse in its choice of instrumentation. A Mitsuda soundtrack doesn’t get old or repetitive or stale to me–they age well.
  • he has the amazing ability to create music that’s very representative of the precise feelings the game’s world and characters are trying to convey. I feel this skill comes from his study of and exposure to world cultures and religions. He also happens to be good friends with some of the directors he’s worked with (like Takahashi or Kato, for example), and that closeness undoubtedly helps him create an extra layer of emotional attachment.
  • he has a strong grasp of musical theory and structure; tempo changes, tonality (major v minor stimulation), chord structure, rhythm manipulation, melody & harmony v countermelody, motif building, etc. His compositions can also range from being multi-layered and complex to being simple and bare bone.
  • he’s a master of melody. I can name composers I feel are musically “stronger” than he is (Koichi Sugiyama comes to mind), but Mitsuda has a knack for creating unforgettable melodies along with being an impressive musical force.

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The Xenosaga trilogy – in retrospect

This is an elaboration of a pastebin I wrote a while back. I figure it had enough material to warrant a blog post.

During the course of 2014 and 2015 I replayed the Xenosaga trilogy, something I’d wanted to do for years. I originally played through the games in the mid-2000s as a high schooler, so I wanted to re-examine them as an adult. They’re clearly meant for a mature audience, and I wanted to experience them with a clearer and more competent mind. I’m writing this post to briefly share some thoughts.

It’s common knowledge that Xenosaga was an absolute production mess. What was originally planned as 6 games ended up barely being 3, and Monolith Soft underwent several changes in staff and staff roles after Xenosaga I that drastically affected the direction of the series. You can read about it in detail here.

The trilogy has a lot of historical significance to its conception and release. Tetsuya Takahashi had left Squaresoft after Xenogears to form his own company, Monolith Soft, and he took with him many of his staff. Takahashi had previously played a major role in titles like Final Fantasy IV, Final Fantasy VI, and Chrono Trigger and eventually sought to helm his own project – which became Xenogears. Squaresoft did not move forward with a sequel to Xenogears and that eventually led to Takahashi’s departure. It happened roughly around the time Squaresoft began merger talks with Enix, and the resulting Square-Enix would never be the same company it once was.

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